FORMAT REQUIREMENTS

All Manuscripts of original research should contain the following sections:

a. Title page:
Page 1 of the manuscript should include the title of the article and the name(s) of the authors with the sequence to appear in print, degrees, title/ designation, name of the department and institutional affiliation of each author. The person responsible for future enquiry should be identified and his address for correspondence along with telephone number and E-mail address, given. Acknowledgements to be included should also be given on this page.

b. Abstracts:
Page 2 of the manuscripts should contain a maximum of 250 words as structured abstract i.e. Objective(s), Materials and Methods, Results and Conclusion. Abstract for evidence based clinical case and literature reviews need not be structured.

c. Key Words:
A list of 3-6 key words should also be included at the bottom of the abstract page.

d. Abbreviations:
Standard abbreviations should be used only. Full word for each abbreviation should be given, the first time it is used in the text. Avoid abbreviations in the Title and Abstract.

e. Introduction:
Summarize the rationale and purpose of the study. It should neither review the subject extensively nor should it have data or conclusion. Give only pertinent references and clearly state the working hypothesis.

f. Materials and Method:
Precisely describe how the study was carried out so that the reader can easily comprehend the method used. Provide information about the sample (subjects, patients or materials being studied) design of study and how it was executed. If a drug or material is used, its generic name, dose and route of administration/ applications must be explained. Indicate the statistical methods used and also specify any computer program used for analysis of the data.

g. Results:
Results should be presented clearly as text, tables and illustrations. All the data given in the tables and figures should not be repeated in the text. Only important observations should be mention in the text, while reference to the table or figure number can be given for less important findings.

h. Discussion:
This should emphasize the present findings and its comparison with other relevant studies. Do not repeat in detail the data or other material given in the introduction or results. Point out the implication of the findings and the limitations of the study.

i. Conclusion(s):
Include a numeric listing of evidence based conclusions and should relate directly to the aims and objectives of the study.

j. Tables:
Include a numeric listing of evidence based conclusions and should relate directly to the aims and objectives of the study.

k. Illustrations:
All graphics, drawings and photographs are labeled as figures and should be consecutively numbered. Each illustration must be on a separate page and must have a caption. In case of photographs, write the figure number and caption at the back of each photograph.

l. References:
The references must be written in Vancouver style, double-spaced and numbered as they appear in the text. The total number of references must not exceed 40 for original article and 100 for review article. Provide complete information for each reference, including names and initials of all authors when they are six or less. If there are more than six authors, list the first six followed by “et al”. The authors name(s) and initials are followed by the title of the article; the name of the journal abbreviated according to the style followed in Index Medicus, year of publication, journal volume and number of the first and last pages e.g. Bashir U, Hassan A, Arshad N. Cleidocranial Dysplasia. J Pak Dent Assoc, 2005; 14(3): 177-80.

Reference for a chapter or part of a book should have author name(s) and initials, full title of the chapter or part, name of the editor(s), complete title of the book, city address, publisher, year of publication and number of the first and last pages e.g. Example: Meltzer PS, Kallioniemi A, Trent JM. Chromosome alterations in human solid tumors. In: Vogelstein B, Kinzler KW, editors. The genetic basis of human cancer. New York: McGraw-Hill 2002; 93-113.

m. Ethics:
When reporting experiments on human subjects, indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the standards of institutional ethical committee on human experimentation and with the Helsinki Declaration of 1975, as revised in 1983. Do not use patient’s names, initials, or hospital numbers especially in illustrative material.

n. Units of Measurements:
Systems International (SI) units to be preferred where possible. Conventional units can be given in parenthesis.

o. Drugs Names:
Generic names of drugs are preferred. Where essential, the brand names can be given in parenthesis.

p. Permission:
Material taken from other sources must be accompanied by written statement from both the author and the publisher giving permission for reproduction.